HVO (Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil) fuel is a synthetic biofuel made from biomass and suitable for driving existing diesel vehicles. It is also called a 2nd generation biofuel because it is made from renewable and sustainable raw materials that do not compete with the food chain. The fuel is fossil-free and biodegradable. With HVO you can save up to 89% CO2 in the entire chain.

To obtain this fuel from biomass, the biomass is first gasified. This is also called Pyrolysis and synthetic gas is created in this phase. The gas is then converted to liquid using a Fischer-Tropsch-like method. Biomass-to-liquid contains very few sulphur particles and aromatics, so they cannot be released during combustion in the engine. This lowers the fine particulate emissions and the sulphur emissions are even reduced to almost 0 g/ml.

Below you can see which CO2 savings can be achieved with HVO. The higher the percentage of HVO, the greater the CO2 reduction.

Product Percentage HVO Percentage HQ Biofuel CO2 emissions reduction WtW  CO2 emissions reduction TtW Quality
HVO 30 Diesel 30% 0% 27%
ISCC en EN590 
HVO 50 Diesel 50% 0% 45%
ISCC en EN590 AD
HVO 100 Diesel 100% 0% 89%
ISCC en EN15940


  • Particulate Matter reduction 10% - 34%
  • NOx reduction 14% - 40%*
  • Sulfur dust emissions > 99%*


* Depending on blend and engine type.

Source: CO2 emissiefactoren

The sustainability of the renewable fuel production chain is guaranteed through ISCC certification. ISCC stands for International Sustainability and Carbon Certification.