HVO (Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil) fuel is a synthetic biofuel made from biomass and suitable for driving existing diesel vehicles. It is also called a 2nd generation biofuel because it is made from renewable and sustainable raw materials that do not compete with the food chain. The fuel is fossil-free and biodegradable. With HVO you can save up to 89% CO₂ in the entire chain.
To obtain this fuel from biomass, the biomass is first gasified. This is also called Pyrolysis and synthetic gas is created in this phase. The gas is then converted to liquid using a Fischer-Tropsch-like method. Biomass-to-liquid contains very few sulphur particles and aromatics, so they cannot be released during combustion in the engine. This lowers the fine particulate emissions and the sulphur emissions are even reduced to almost 0 g/ml.
Below you can see which CO₂ savings can be achieved with HVO. The higher the percentage of HVO, the greater the CO₂ reduction.
Source: CO₂ emissiefactoren
The sustainability of the renewable fuel production chain is guaranteed through ISCC certification. ISCC stands for International Sustainability and Carbon Certification.